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國外鉆井公共操作規程
發布日期:2015/11/26 22:10:42
 

一、General requirement 基本要求

1、At the start of each tour call the crew together for a short safety talk. Your firm position on crew safety must be demonstrated each tour.   

每天堅持班前安全會,每班必須把安全工作放在首位。

2、Point out unsafe methods or practices by your crew members and show them the correct and safe way to handle their duties.   

指出職工不安全的做法和方法,并告訴他們安全的做法和方法。

3、Before performing an out of the ordinary operation(one not done every day) call the crew together to review any hazards and be sure each member understand his duties.  

在進行非日常的特殊作業之前,要召集全隊人員開會,查找任何危險因素,并使每個人都明確自己的責任。

4、Visually observe crew member for proper safety clothes and for signs of drug or alcohol use.  

檢查職工勞保是否穿戴合適,是否有飲酒及用其他麻醉劑的行為。

5、Enforce use of safety goggles by any crew members performing work that is apt to produce hazards to the eyes, such as: ① hammering; ② chipping③ scraping; ④ grinding; ⑤ wire brushing; ⑥ cutting; ⑦ pouring molten metal; ⑧ mixing mud or chemicals, and ⑨ spray painting.  

在進行:打錘;刨削;刮削;打磨;刷擦;切割;倒融化鐵水;配鉆井液;噴漆等對眼睛容易造成危險的作業之前,必須戴上防護鏡。

6、Be certain that earmuffs are located on the rig, and instruct crew members on their proper use.  

井場上必須備有護耳罩,并指導職工正確使用。

7、Train crew members to always lift loads with help and tag line. Caution the crew member to avoid lifting and carrying objects greater than 50 percent of body weight, or odd shaped objects, and to use help rather than risk injury.   

培訓職工起吊重物的合理做法是:堅持使用游繩或配助手,提醒職工不要搬運超過自身體重百分之五十的重物或不規則形狀的物件,寧可找人幫助也不能出危險。

8、When handling loads with cranes or trucks, caution crew members to stand clear of any overhead loads and boom.   

用吊車或卡車裝卸貨物時,貨物和起重臂下不許站人。

9、Instruct crew members on the hazards of electrical power and always have them obtain proper help in handling an electrical problem。 

要使職工知道有關電的危險,排除電路故障要方法得當。

10、While on a rig location, wear safety toe footwear and hardhats at all times.  

在井場上任何時候都要穿硬頭工鞋和戴安全帽。

11、Wear earmuffs in designated areas of high noise levels on the rig site.

在井場上的高噪音區要戴護耳罩。

12、When pressure testing any lines, vessels or assemblies, all rig personnel must be removed away to a safe area until pressure is released.

對任何管線和容器試壓時,所有的井隊人員都必須遠離高壓區,直到試壓結束。

13、A safety meeting should be held before unusual or temporary jobs begin.  

在做非日常的或者臨時的工作之前,要先召開一個安全會。

二、Enforcing regulation 強制規程

1、Do not use open-flame vessels for heating or thawing on the rig floor.

鉆臺上不能用任何明火器具取暖或解凍。

2、Do not jump from elevations, such as pipe racks, cat-walks, etc.

不允許從高處往下跳,如鉆桿架、錨道等。

3、Do not wear loose clothing or jewelery when working on moving machinery.

不允許在運轉的設備附近穿寬松的衣服或戴珠寶首飾。

4、Do not use gasoline as a cleaning agent or as a paint thinner.

不允許用汽油做清洗劑或噴漆的稀釋劑。

5、Do not use water hoses to wash down floors in the vicinity of electrical equipment or electrical switch gear.

不允許用水管線在電器設備或開關附近做沖洗工作。

6、Do not remove guards on running machinery.

不允許把運轉的設備護罩取掉。

7、Do not walk under any pipe resting on the V-door ramp.

不允許在放有鉆桿的大門坡道下邊通行。

8、Stay clear of any overhead loads handled with cranes or trucks, or any overhead repair work being done in the mast or derrick.

用吊車或卡車裝卸貨物時下邊不許站人,井架上進行高空維修作業時,下邊也不許站人。

9、Do not slide down pipe, rotary hose, V-door ramp, or cables. Do not ride with the cat-line or air hoist. The air hoist may be used to hoist a workman (other than derrick-man) when a bosom chair with safety belt or derrick climbing belt is used to hoist the workman. Additionally, the air hoist must be powered up and powered down and the hoist operator must remain at the hoist controls with visual contact with the workman at all times during the operation.

不允許從鉆桿、水龍帶、大門坡道、電纜、錨頭繩或氣動絞車繩子上往下滑??梢允褂門淞稅踩蛑來墓ぷ韉躋謂懈嚦兆饕?。另外,作業時氣動絞車不許離人,保持上下聯系,配合起放。

10、Do not smoke anywhere except in designated areas.

除了指定的地點外,其他任何場所不許吸煙。

11、Do not use or possess drugs or alcohol at rig location (medication prescribed by a licenced medical doctor taken in prescribed dosages excepted).

鉆井現場禁酒及禁用任何麻醉劑,(如醫療需要,應當由具有處方權的醫生按藥方的用量批準)。

12、Do not work under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

酒后不許工作。

13、Do not engage in horseplay or practical jokes at rig site.

井場上不允許胡鬧或搞惡作劇。

14、Do not throw objects off the floor, mast or derrick.

不允許從鉆臺上或井架上,往下亂扔東西。

15、When air pressure is not available at location, do not allow to use propane or gas substitute for air, for blowing out lines or for spray painting or for air hoists.

當井場無充氣條件時,不能使用丙烷或天然氣代替空氣進行掃線、噴漆或啟動氣動絞車。

16、Do not let unauthorized personnel on rig floor or in operating area. Visitors should be cleared by the www.3753996.company representative and/ or rig superintendent and should be provided with a safety hat.

不能讓未經許可的人上鉆臺或進入工作區。參觀者應當由甲方代表或總監批準進入,并提供安全帽。

17、Do not pressure test with air, gas or steam. Always pressure test with water or other nonflamable liquids, and be sure any trapped air or gas is properly bled-off prior to the pressure test.

不要用空氣、天然氣或蒸氣試壓。試壓必須用水或其他不可燃液體。試壓前一定要把空氣或天然氣放盡。

18、Do not clamp cat-line or anything to the fast line.

不許用卡子把錨頭繩或其他東西卡在快繩上。

19、Do not leave pipe or collars that are not in use standing in mast or derrick.

不許在井架上排放用不著的鉆桿和鉆鋌。

20、Do not drop or kick the master rotary bushings into position. Always use insert tools and hoist them into place.

不要投放或踢放大方瓦,應當用專用工具提著放入。

21、Do not let slips ride drill pipe.

不許把卡瓦卡在鉆桿上轉。

22、Do not let tongs ride the drill pipe.

不許把鉗子打在鉆桿上轉。

23、Do not leave clamp on stand of drill collars or other pipe racked in mast/ derrick.

不允許把戴著安全卡瓦的鉆鋌立柱或其他管具豎到井架上。

24、Do not tighten a connection that is under tensile load or pressure.

不允許在拉伸或帶壓力的情況下緊扣。

25、Do not allow anyone other than a driller or tool-pusher to run the drawworks.

除了司鉆和帶班隊長外,任何人不準啟動鉆機。

26、Do not dump mud tanks without www.3753996.company man approval.

不經甲方人員同意,不許清理泥漿罐。

三、Standard operation 標準化操作

1、All machinery in the rig site must be run within the operating limits given by the equipment manual.

井場上的所有設備都必須遵照設備使用說明書所要求的使用范圍進行操作。

2、When picking up drill pipe, visually check each joint of pipe picked up to be sure it is in proper sequence according to weight, grade and class as designed.

串接鉆具時,要按照設計逐根檢查,以便確認每個單根的重量、鋼級和下井順序準確無誤。

3、When drill string is in open hole always keep the pipe moving, either up, or down, or rotating. Pipe should never be allowed to stand still for longer than a minute or two at a time, this helps avoid stuck pipe.

當鉆柱處在裸眼井段時,要注意勤活動鉆具,活動鉆具一定要上提、下放與轉動相結合。每次活動間隔不能超過12分鐘,這樣可以防止卡鉆。

4、Do not take the risk of machinery failure. When any noise, vibration, or overheating develops, shut down the machinery as soon as practical, and get help and advice from the rig mechanic for eliminating the trouble.

不許冒險作業。當出現異常聲音、震動或過熱,應當立即停止作業,并找機械師來幫助排除故障。

5、Do not take short cuts of www.3753996.company procedure that could endanger you or your crews. Do not try to be a hero and do not allow crew members to be heroes or short cut any safety rules to save time.

不允許簡化甲方作業程序而導致人員危險。不許為了省事而簡化任何安全作業程序。不許任何人盲目逞能耍個人英雄。

6、Hot air, hot water or steam should be used to thaw mud lines or other equipment essential, and do not thaw by fire or flame.

應當用熱空氣、蒸氣或熱水使鉆井液管線和其他類似設備解凍,不能用明火烤或煙熏。

7、After dropping survey instrument, pipe should be moved until about three minutes before the survey goes off.

投測斜儀后要活動鉆具,在測斜儀開始工作前的3分鐘停止活動鉆具。

8、Before working on equipment, disconnect air lines to pump or engine clutches. For electric driven equipment, disconnect power to the motors connected to the equipment. Make sure the equipment is in a safe condition before reconnecting power.

在檢修設備之前,首先要卸掉通往泥漿泵或柴油機離合器的氣管線。如果是電驅動設備,要切斷驅動電機的電源。在重新接通電源之前,一定要保證設備安全。

9、Before starting a major piece of machinery into operation, know the whereabouts of all crew and service personnel.

在啟動主體設備投入運轉之前,要注意設備附近的有關人員所處位置是否適當。

10、Shut off power before working and servicing on electrical equipment or circuits.

在維修保養電器設備之前,必須先切斷電源。

11、When releasing chain binders, stand to safety side and not in front of the handle (rope tied to the handle for releasing providers some additional safety).

當釋放拉緊的梱裝器材時,要站在安全的一邊,不能站在手柄前邊,最好用繩子把手柄綁上,以便保證安全釋放。

12、Do not use oxygen as a substitute for www.3753996.compressed air for such used as paint sprayers, mud filter loss tests, engine air starters, air pumps, etc. In conclusion, it should not be used for any air operated machinery.

不能用氧氣代替壓縮空氣進行噴漆、做鉆井液失水試驗、啟動柴油機、打氣泵等。總之,不能用它啟動任何用空氣發動的機器。

13、When the V-door is not being used, keep the safety chain attached across the V-door opening.

如果不用大門坡道,應當用鏈子把大門攔上。

14、Keep the number of joints of drill pipe or drill colars resting on the V-door ramp to the minimum required for the operation in progress and secure such joints at the pin end by means of a pipe stop.

根據鉆進的需要,至少要在大門坡道上放幾根鉆桿或鉆鋌,公接頭一端戳在坡道擋桿上。

15、Do not cut drilling line while out of hole. Run back to bottom of casing befor cutting line. Keep line off ground and protected.

不允許空井倒大繩,必須先把鉆具下到套管鞋處再倒大繩,并注意不要讓大繩落到地上。

16、Do not pick up the entire BOP stack by the ears on annular preventers.

不允許只掛環形防噴器的提環起吊全套防噴器。

17、During tests for BOP flange leaks, do not plug off the ring gaskets with bentonite or lost circulation materials to stop leaks.

對防噴器法蘭進行試壓時,不允許用膨潤土或堵漏材料填堵密封槽來制止滴漏。

18、When out-of-hole, either a bit breaker or hole cover must be in place in the rotary table at all times.

空井時,一定要用鉆頭盒或井口蓋子把井口蓋好。

四、Electrical equipment and illumination 電器與照明

1、Do not experiment again if any electrical equipment fails to operate. You should contact authorized personnel immediately.

任何電器如果出了故障,不允許再試,應當立即去找授權的專業人員。

2、Splicing or cutting of electrical wire by unauthorized personnel should not be permitted.

不允許未經授權的人接電線或剪斷電線。

3、The breaker switch for any electric equipment should be locked and tagged out before conducting any repairs.

在維修任何電器之前,都應當先把開關鎖住,并做上標志。

4、When using electrical equipment and tools, you should not exceed qualification of manufacturer’s rewww.3753996.commendations.

使用電器設備及工具,不能超出生產廠家推薦的范圍。

5、All electrical wall outlets, hand tools, extension cords, etc., should be provided with proper grounds.

所有的墻壁電插座,手工具和延長接線等,都應當安裝接地線。

6、Cords and plugs should be protected from being damaged.

要防止插頭插座受到損壞。

7、Electrical power tools should not be used in gaseous or explosive atmospheres, unless approved for such use.

不經批準,不允許在高溫易爆氣體環境中使用電動工具。

8、The switches of all electrical power tools should be turned off before connecting or disconnecting power supply.

所有的電動工具在連接或拆卸電源之前,都應當把開關關掉。

9、Water or other cleaning agents should be used carefully near electrical devices.

在電器設備附近,用水或其他清潔劑一定要小心。

10、Electrical devices should not be used when water hazards are present.

在具有含水危險的情況下,不能操作電器。

11、Water or any substance and tools containing water should not be used to extinguish an electrical fire.

不能用水或任何含水的材料和工具來滅電火。

12、Water, dirt, oil, or excessive dust should not be allowed to accumulate around electrical equipment.

在電器設備的周圍不能積存水、油、臟物或灰塵。

13、All extension cords should be checked regularly and kept in good condition. Cord should be disconnected from power source before coiling for storage.

按規定檢查所有的延長線,使其處于良好的狀況。在纏繞存放電線之前,應當先切斷電源。

14、All guards on electrical equipment should be kept in place and in good repair.

電器設備上的任何護罩,都應當保持完好,或及時維修。

15、Explosion proof lighting fixtures should be used to illuminate all over rig site.

全井場都應當使用防爆燈照明。

16、All overhead lights should be equipped with safety fasteners.

所有的高空照明燈,都應當裝上安全吊索。

17、SCR units, motors and auxiliary AC light plants should be grounded.

可控硅房、電動機和其他交流照明設備,都應當裝接地線。

18、Explosion proof equipment should be returned to its explosion proof condition when repaired.

防爆設備維修后,應當仍然具有防爆功能。

19、Non-conductive mats should be placed in front of the switchboards and maintained in a clean condition.

閘刀盒前邊要放絕緣墊,并保持干凈。

20、All high voltage panels should be clearly marked “DANGER-HIGH VOLTAGE”.

所有的高壓配電盤,都應當清楚地標明高壓-危險。

21、Never assume low voltage cannot be dangerous.

決不能認為低壓電沒危險。

22、Never assume electrical wiring is harmless. Check the source to insure it has been cut off, even if only changing a light bulb.

決不能認為電線沒危險,要檢查電源,確認停電。就是換個燈泡也要這樣做。

23、Any defective or unsafe electrical equipment should be reported to your supervisor and its use disconnected.

任何損壞的或不安全的電動設備,都應當上報給監督,并斷開電源。

24、Personnel rescuing a victim of electrical shock should first switch off the power causing the shock. If this is not possible, attempt to pull the victim away from the live conductor by using a dry stick, a dry rope, or other non-conductive material. First Aid for electrical shock victims should be given by the rig medic or the procedures followed as outlined in a First Aid book.

營救被電擊傷的人時,要首先切斷引發擊傷的電源。如果無法切斷電源,要用干木棍、干繩子、或其他絕緣工具,盡力把受傷者從有電的地方拉出來。要由井隊的醫生對電擊受傷者進行急救?;蛘甙湊占本仁植岬乃得鶻屑本?。

五、Hand tools 手工具

1、Do not use broken, damaged, or defective hand tools.

不允許使用任何有傷痕或損壞的手工具。

2、Frequent inspection of all hand tools should be made to ensure that they are in safe operating condition.

要經常檢查所有的手工具,確保安全使用。

3、Sharp hand tools should not be carried in pockets.

鋒利的手工具不能放到口袋里。

4、Hand tools should be returned to their proper storage place after using.

手工具用后,要放回它原來適當的地方保存。

5、Use the right tool for the job. Hammer handles should not be used as pry-bars, nor should a wrench be used as a hammer.

要用恰當的工具干活,不能用鎯頭把當撬杠,同樣,也不能用扳手當鎯頭。

6、Driving faces of hammers, chisels, drift pins, bars, and similar tools should be inspected to eliminate mushroomed heads, broken faces and other defects.

要經常檢查錘子、鑿子、打孔桿、棒、和其他類似工具的錘擊面,以免產生蘑菇帽、受損面和其他傷痕。

7、Cheaters should be used only if absolutely necessary.

只有在絕對需要的情況下,才能使用加力杠。

8、Pipe wrenches should not be used to bend, raise or lift pipe.

管鉗不能用于蹩、撬或臺管子。

9、Pipe wrenches should be inspected regularly. Replace the heel and jaw section if found to be defective or worn out.

應當定期檢查管鉗,更換已磨損或有傷痕的鉗牙及牙床。

10、Wood handles should be sound and securely wedged or fastened to the tools. Tape should not be used to cover defects such as cracks.

木頭把(柄)應當完好無損,要做楔形頭牢固地鑲在工具上,不能用帶子捆綁裂縫之類的傷痕。

11、Tools carried into the derrick or mast should be secured to the body.

帶到井架上的工具應當綁在身上。

12、When hand tools are being used overhead, those working or standing below should be notified.

在高空使用手工具作業時,要通知在下邊干活的或站著的人。

13、When using a hammer wrench, attach a piece of rope to the handle to apply tension on the wrench to hold it in place.

使用錘擊扳手時,要用一根繩子綁在扳手把上,把扳手拉緊,控制住扳手。

14、When using hand tools around the rotary table or the wellbore, be sure to cover the hole.

在轉盤或井口周圍使用手工具,一定要把井口蓋上。

15、7When using clamps, make sure you have the proper type. C-clamps should not be used for hoisting.

要用適當類型的繩卡,C形繩卡不能用于提升。

16、Insulated hand tools should be used when working on or around electrical equipment.

操作電器或在電器周圍工作,應當使用絕緣的手工具。

六、Equipment guarding 設備護罩

1、Lockout and tagout procedures should be used before removing guards.

在拆卸護罩之前,要先執行上鎖掛牌程序。

2、Any removed guard should be replaced before the machinery is returned to operation.

在設備恢復運轉之前,要把所有卸下來的護罩都裝好。

3、All discharge piping that could cause burns should be insulated or guarded.

能引起燃燒的任何管線,都應當是絕緣的,或者裝上護罩。

4、All portable tools with exposed moving parts shoul be equipped with proper guards.

帶有裸露轉動部件的手提式工具,都應當裝上護罩。

 

七、High pressure lines 高壓管線

1、High pressure release valves of pipe or lines should be checked periodically according to manufacturer’s rewww.3753996.commendation.

要遵照生產廠家的說明,定期檢查管線的高壓保險閥。

2、All rig personnel should familiarize themselves with the location of high pressure lines.

所有井隊人員,都應當熟悉他們自己與高壓管線的定位。

3、Lines or piping systems that may kick under pressure should be secured.

在帶壓的情況下,有可能跳動的管匯系統要固定牢靠。

4、All rig personnel should not attempt to tighten or loosen unions or other connections of pipe under pressure.

任何井隊人員都不能在帶壓力的情況下松緊由壬或其他管線的連接。

5、Any lines or pipe under pressure should not be hammered on.

不能用鎯頭砸帶壓力的任何管線。

6、Chiksan sections in high pressure lines should be watched for leaks.

要注意觀察高壓管線的活動彎頭是否有滴漏。

7、All rig personnel should stand clear of high pressure lines being used during cementing, acidizing, well testing procedures, etc.

在進行固井、壓裂、試油等作業時,所有的井隊人員都不能靠近高壓管線。

 

八、Ladders, stairs and handrail 梯子、臺階與扶手

1、Portable ladders should be inspected prior to each use for cracks,splits, loose rungs,

etc.

每次使用輕便梯子之前,都應當檢查是否有裂縫、開裂、橫凳松動等。

2、Personnel should not climb higher than the third rung from the top on extesion ladders or on the second rung on step ladders.

使用伸縮式梯子時,上爬不能超過從上往下數的第三個橫凳;一體式梯子不能超過第二個橫凳。

3、Aluminum ladders should not be used around electrical equipment.

在電器周圍不能用鋁制梯子。

4、Ladders should not be used in a horizontal position as a scaffold.

不能把梯子放平當腳手架。

5、Portable metal or aluminium ladders should be equipped with non-skid feet.

金屬或鋁制的輕便梯子應當裝防滑凳。

6、Wooden portable ladders should not be pained.

木制的輕便梯子不應當噴漆。

7、When in use, portable ladders should be secured at the top. If not, it should be held by another person.

使用輕便梯子時,要把頂部拴住,否則,就由另一個人扶著。

8、Personnel should not use boxes, chairs, sawhorses, tables, etc., to improvise a ladder.

不能把箱子、椅子、鋸木架、桌子等,改成臨時梯子。

9、The side rails should be held by two hands when climbing a fixed ladder.

爬固定梯子時,要雙手握住兩邊的扶手。

10、Personnel should face a ladder when climbing up or down.

上下梯子時,要面對梯子。

11、Heavy, bulky tools should be hoisted when used on a ladder. Light tools should be attached to one’s person.

在梯子上使用重型工具時,應當用絞車提??;使用輕便工具時,應當把工具綁在身上。

12、All stairways should be maintained in a clean, dry condition.

所有的樓梯都應當保持干凈、干爽。

13、Standard handrails should be provided for walkways, platforms and stairways where necessary.

在架空走道、平臺或梯子上,凡是需要的地方都應當裝標準的扶手(欄桿)。

14、Stair treads should be slip resistant.

樓梯的臺階應當防滑。

15、Toeboards should be installed whenever tools, machine parts, materials or supplies are to be used or stored on a walkway or platform.

在架空走道或平臺上,都應當裝擋腳板,以防所用的工具、配件或材料滑下去。

長春弘大能源勘探開發股份有限公司 版權所有 備案號:吉ICP備13001924 咨詢電話:0431-85333685
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